Ecuador: Malingua Pamba

Malingua Pamba is a mountain community in the Ecuadorean Andes at 10,000 feet in elevation. The village had a potable and irrigation system that was put in from other organizations sometime ago and the systems were either falling apart or incomplete. Our goal is to better the living conditions in Malingua Pamba through drinkable water, irrigation fro crops and erosion control. More information about the community can be found at www.escuelaminga.org

The Ecuador Maligua Pamba Program has three main project branches. The first project focuses on designing and implementing a potable water system in the community, the second focuses on improving the irrigation water supply and the third is aimed to implement erosion control measures.

 

Ecuador Potable Water Project

Community Need

Prior to EWB engagement, the Malingua Pamba/Quinta-Tunguiche/Guantugloma communities had a limited potable water distribution infrastructure with only a few taps near the center of each village. Problems such as pressure irregularities, line breaks, and sedimentation plagued the original system built in the 1980’s with inexpensive irrigation pipe. Since EWB’s involvement, the system has improved substantially in Malingua Pamba.

Although, the chapter has been successful in providing water to 85% of the Malingua Pamba community; however much work still needs to be done.

Many women and children still travel long distances to get water from polluted streams and ponds and schools in Quinta-Tunguiche and Guantugloma do not have a reliable supply of water.

Project Team Goals

The primary goal of EWB Denver is to assist the community in upgrading their system to provide access to safe and reliable drinking water within twenty meters of each house.   The direction of this assistance comes from community stakeholder interviews that identify community problems, goals and needs and provide baseline studies for future monitoring and evaluation.

This is accomplished by interviewing community members, preparing baseline studies and maps to inventory community resources, infrastructure and watersheds, providing planning and technical water system designs for upgrading the systems, leading in training and education of community members about construction and O&M of gravity water systems, and monitoring financial management to assure that a continuous source of funding is available to pay O&M costs as well as costs for minor system extensions. 

Our goals include the development of memorandum of understandings (MOU) or project partnership agreements for individual projects with the community, our NGO, Centro Educativo la Minga, and the chapter. Another main goal of the project is to make sure that our progress is sustainable in the long term.

Goals for 2014 include

  • Traveling to Guantugloma for implementation of the first phase of water system improvements, and for monitoring and evaluation of previous chapter projects.
  • Initiation of planning studies for enhancement of the water sources, storage and distribution system serving the Quinta-Tunguiche community.

Milestones

  • November 2013 – Completed design for Guantugloma water system improvements.
  • July 2013 – Made baseline community assessment trip which included interviewing and establishing GPS coordinates for 35 water system users in Guantugloma, obtaining samples from potential sources for water quality testing, and performing monitoring of Quinta-Tunguiche community and school water system.
  • May 2013 – Obtained new mapping base files with geo-referenced color imagery and 40 meter and 4 meter contours for the entire project watershed.
  • July 2012 – Installed pressure break tank for neighboring village, Guantugloma, met with Guantugloma Water Board, constructed four erosion mitigation projects, and provided control training for community.
  • November 2009 – Stabilized the system with 2 pressure break tanks; extended the system to outlying areas; performed Water Quality Testing; and held meetings with the Potable Water Leadership Board
  • April 2009 – Developed the Potable Water Leadership Board; continued mapping and assessment; completed a pressure audit; and performed further training of maestros
  • November 2008 – Implemented improvements to the potable water systems, while continuing mapping, assessment and educational activities and construction oversight of an additional pressure break tank
  • April 2008 – Implemented improvements to the potable water systems, while continuing mapping, assessment and educational activities
  • October 2007 – Implemented improvements to the potable water systems, while continuing mapping, assessment and educational activities
  • April 2007 – Detailed mapping of water system elements; data collection to assess watershed yield and dry season agricultural potential; and, education in practical aspects of system repair and build-out, while repairing and replacing segments of the potable water system
  • November 2006 – Gathered information on the existing water systems, tested water sources for water quality parameters, and collected information on community health, community water rights and community interest in water supply improvements

How to Help

How a Donation of $100 Can Help

  • 800 feet of piping
  • One quarter of the cost of a pressure break tank
  • 5 days of professional in-country translation
  • 4 days of lodging and food for a 2-person travel team

Donate

Volunteer Skills Needed

  • Spanish-speaking travel team members for Guantugloma (GG) trip
  • GG Travel team member with construction experience of rural gravity water systems
  • Health and Safety leader with Wilderness First Aid certificate for GG travel
  • Project manager experience for leading Quinta-Tunguichi (QT) improvement team
  • Planning, Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning lead for QT
  • CAD Engineer with AutoCAD and ArcGIS skills for preparing maps of existing system on new base mapping for the QT team
  • Hydraulic Engineer with network modeling experience for the QT team
  • Report writer for keeping current with EWB-USA documents and report preparation
  • Web Development Expertise to organize the Denver Wiki Potable Water site
  • Fundraising coordinator to identify organizations that contribute to water projects and employers of Denver chapter members with a history of corporate giving.

Anyone with a desire to help is always welcome to join our project. These are some skills that we are lacking at the moment.

Additional Project Information

For more detailed information regarding this project please visit our wiki.

 

Ecuador Irrigation Project

Community Need

The community of Malingua Pamba is a primarily agriculturally based society. The primary food source for most of the community is the crops that they cultivate. The lower elevations of Malingua Pamba receive significantly less rainfall than the higher elevations. This inadequate irrigation supply has significant effects on the harvest of the crops. This low crop yield affects the whole community.

Project Team Goals

The main focus on all EWB projects is to improve the quality of life and to set in place a system or actions that will be sustainable by the community. To accomplish these goals the team works on two parts the passing of knowledge/skills to the people and the other part is the funding of materials. The team’s partnership with the community is the only way we could accomplish our main goal of improving access to irrigation water for all parts of the community. By doing this we hope to provide adequate food supply to the whole community.

The job is not completed by getting the water to the community. Education on the difference between the drinkable water and irrigation water is still needed. The evaluation of erosion and plant life in the fields will be studied. Set up the knowledge base and the financial base to create a sustainable system.

The secondary goal of the project is for the community to have enough food to sell. This would help out the sustainability of the project and this would mean that the yield provided adequate amount for the community. The other secondary goal that we see is the villagers being able to market the trade of making and providing water systems to neighboring villages.

Milestones

  • Update Hydraulic Modeling
  • Sustainability Analysis
  • Implement Water Quality Education Program
  • Implement Water Usage Education Program
  • Complete and Summarize Construction Standards
  • Develop standards for Measuring Success
  • Complete Construction of Water Storage Tanks to Upper Areas
  • Complete Pipeline Construction
  • Complete Construction of Distribution Tanks

How to Help

How a Donation of $100 Can Help

  • Connection of One Field to Irrigation System

Donate

Volunteer Skills Needed

  • Fundraising
  • Spanish speakers
  • Hydraulic Modeling Expertise
  • Water Quality Expertise
  • Structural Engineering Expertise
  • Web Development Expertise
  • Micro Finance Expertise
  • Willingness to Travel Internationally
  • Experience in Developing Countries
  • Good Logistical or Organizational Skills
  • Desire to Gain Leadership Experience

Anyone with a desire to help is always welcome to join our project. These are some skills that we are lacking at the moment.

Additional Project Information

For more detailed information regarding this project please visit our wiki.

 

Ecuador Erosion Control Project

Community Need

Over the past decades, residents of the Community of Malingua Pamba and surrounding communities conducted deforestation activities such as clearing and burning for firewood, agricultural fields, and animal grazing to provide for an expanding population.  Prior to loss of native trees and shrubs, the area supported a cloud forest which was sustained by rich, deep organic soils. Due to deforestation, the organic topsoil of the cloud forest has been eroded in many areas to the sandy, highly erosive, volcanic sub-soil, causing erosion problems. Additionally, certain land management practices, poor construction of access roads to the community, and (some) construction of the community’s potable and irrigation water systems are causing erosion problems as well. The Malingua Pamba and surrounding communities are unnecessarily suffering  if no adequate erosion control measurements are taken as these erosion problems can easily result in damage to infrastructure, sedimentation of water supplies, loss of agricultural topsoil, alteration of hydrologic cycles, and a decrease in biodiversity. 

Project Team Goals

The goal of EWB-Denver is to empower the Community to implement low-cost and sustainable methods of erosion control based on locally-available materials. Effective erosion control will enable the Community to better maintain water supply system structures and local roads as well as provide a local resource of native woody plants. Erosion control for the community will require implementation of both structural and nonstructural Best Management Practices (BMPs) based on bioengineering techniques.

Milestones

  • Develop a set of Best Management Practices (BMPs)
  • Develop Best planting practices
  • Develop standards for Measuring Success
  • Develop & implement Erosion Control Education Program

How to Help

How a Donation of $100 Can Help

  • A $100 can buy 100meters of erosion matting

Donate

Volunteer Skills Needed

  • Fundraising

Additional Project Information

Detailed information regarding the Erosion Control Project can be found on our wiki.